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Restrictive Lung Disease

What is Restrictive Lung Disease?

Restrictive lung disease, a decrease in the total volume of air that the lungs are able to hold, is often due to a decrease in the elasticity of the lungs themselves or caused by a problem related to the expansion of the chest wall during inhalation. Examples of restrictive lung diseases include asbestosis, sarcoidosis and pulmonary fibrosis.


Symptoms of Restrictive Lung Disease include cough, shortness of breath, wheezing and chest pain.


Diagnostic Testing for lung disease may include any of the following:

  • Pulmonary function tests
  • Chest X-ray
  • CAT scans
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Pulse Oximetry


As with diagnostic testing, treatment of lung disease depends on many factors, such as the type and stage of disease, family history, patient’s medical history, and the health and age of the patient. Any of the following may be used for treating lung disease:

  • Inhalers
  • Expectorants
  • Antibiotics
  • Oxygen therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Lung Transplantation

Restrictive Lung Disease is managed by physicians, nurses and other clinical staff in the Division of Pulmonary Medicine at Hopkins Children’s.