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Arthritis

What is Arthritis?

An inflammatory disease, arthritis produces pain, stiffness and sometimes swelling in joints. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) afflicts children age 16 or younger, and is an autoimmune disorder.

Symptoms of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

Chief symptoms include:

  • Limping in the morning (an early sign)
  • Joint swelling, stiffness
  • Reduced range of motion

Diagnosis

Careful clinical evaluation.

Treatment

Medicines and physical therapy can help maintain motion and ease pain and swelling.

Other Types of Arthritis Treated by Rheumatology

  • Psoriatic: An itching, burning rash, consisting of patches of raised red skin covered by a flaky white or silver buildup. Look for symptoms of psoriasis.
  • Reactive: An inflammatory form of arthritis that occurs as a reaction to another infection, most commonly in the urogentital tract (bladder, vagina or urethra) or the intestinal tract. Its classic symptoms are inflammation of the eye, urinary tract and joints (arthritis).
  • Sacroid: Inflammation of the sacroiliac joints that connect the lower spine and pelvis. See “spondyloartropathies.”

Arthritis treatment is handled by our Division of Pediatric Rheumatology.  


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